Pruning Grapes

Established grape vines usually consist of a major trunk with several older, dark colored vines extending outward on a trellis or arbor. After several years, the older vines may become too numerous and some of them may need to removed clear back where they are connected to the main trunk.
Lighter colored vines extend from the [...]

Prevent Wormy Apples and Pears

As soon as flower petals have all fallen, it is time to protect apples, and to a lesser extent pears, from codling moths. Codling moths lay their eggs on developing fruit. Eggs hatch into worms which bore into the fruit. Insecticides such as malathion and carbaryl (Sevin) kill the worms as [...]

Mulches Reduce Weeds and Improve Plant Growth

One of the best ways to reduce weeding is to apply mulch around trees, shrubs, flowers, fruits, and vegetables. The most popular mulch material is bark. Bark is available in three different size chunks and finer sizes called bark dust. Bark can be purchased in bags but is much cheaper in bulk. If you do [...]

Choosing Fertilizers

The best time to fertilize most permanent plants is March and April. Lawns also need a late summer or fall application.  I also fertilize anytime I plant new plants. Although there are many specialized fertilizers available, I use two types for almost all my outdoor plants. I use lawn fertilizer for my lawn, trees, and shrubs, and [...]

Leaf Diseases on Flowering Cherry, Dogwood, Photinia and Peaches

Leaves of these trees and shrubs should be protected with a fungicide application as they begin to grow in late March and April. Most effective are the systemic fungicides  such as Propiconazole, Myclobutanil and Tebuconazole. Propiconazole is available in Fertilome Systemic Fungicide. Myclobutanil is in Spectracide Immunex Fungicide. Tebuconazole is in Bayer All-in-One Rose and [...]

Pruning Raspberries

Old raspberry canes which bore fruit during the summer can be pruned off right at the ground any time from late fall until spring when new growth starts. Some gardeners like to wait until spring to make sure they are not removing canes which will produce fruit next year. It’s easy to tell first-year canes [...]


The strawberry is a popular and easily grown fruit in the Pacific Northwest. Strawberry plants can be grown in beds or rows. They can also be grown as a ground cover around shrubs or even in containers.
Strawberry plants produce the most fruit during the first 3 years of their life. Strawberry beds should be thinned [...]

Fruit Tree Pruning

            Established fruit trees require yearly pruning for best health and maximum fruit production. Regular pruning in the winter or early spring will also help keep most of the fruit bearing branches within easy reach for harvesting.
            The main pruning job on established fruit trees is to thin out some of the extra branches so [...]

Small Fruits

Berries and Other Small Fruits
Strawberries are the easiest small fruit to grow in the vegetable garden. For home gardeners the day neutral or continuous bearing varieties are the most practical. Best varieties are Tristar, Tribute and Seascape. Plant a double row of plants spaced a foot apart with plants a foot apart in the rows. [...]

Fruits for Northwest Gardens

The Pacific Northwest has been and continues to be one of the main sources of fruit for the world. Why not grow more fruit yourself? Then you can control exactly what fertilizer and pesticides are applied. If you have limited space, berries are your best choice. My favorite strawberries are the day neutral or continuous [...]